The Ngorongoro Conservation Area is one of the most stunning and unique landscapes of East Africa. The view from the rim is breathtaking. The crater covers about 260 sq. km of the 8300 sq. km protected area. The crater itself is a magical scene that contains abundant and unusually docile wildlife, with large numbers of mammals, especially grazers. The floor of the crater is home to gazelle, buffalo, eland, hartebeest, warthog and even the rare Black Rhino. The crater is a contained area for these animals and therefore contains a high percentage of predators. The area is also home to the pastoral Maasai people. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area contains Lake Magadi and a varied landscape, including grasslands, rivers, swamps, forest and even an arid region of sand dunes.